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Forms and Validators Configuration

The Symfony Validation Component and Forms Component are used to validate and transform input data to an entity in create, update, update_relationship, add_relationship and delete_relationship actions.


The validation rules are loaded from Resources/config/validation.yml and annotations as it is commonly done in Symfony applications. So, all validation rules defined for an entity are applicable to the data API as well. By default, data API uses two validation groups: Default and api. If you need to add validation constrains that should be applicable in Data API only you should add them in api validation group.

In case a validation rule cannot be implemented as a regular validation constraint due to its complexity you can implement it as a processor for post_validate event of customize_form_data action. Pay your attention on FormUtil class, it contains methods that may be useful in such processor.

If the input data violates validation constraints, they will be automatically converted to validation errors that help build the correct response of the data API. The conversion is performed by CollectFormErrors processor. By default the HTTP status code for validation errors is 400 Bad Request. If you need to change it, you can do it in the following ways:

The following example shows how to add validation constraints to API resources using the Resources/config/oro/api.yml configuration file:

                        # add Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Email validation constraint
                        - Email: ~
                        # add Symfony\Component\Validator\Constraints\Length validation constraint
                        - Length:
                            max: 50
                        # add Acme\Bundle\AcmeBundle\Validator\Constraints\Alphanumeric validation constraint
                        - Acme\Bundle\AcmeBundle\Validator\Constraints\Alphanumeric: ~

Also, see how to validate virtual fields.


The API forms are isolated from the UI forms. This helps avoid collisions and prevent unnecessary performance overhead in the data API. Consequently, all the API form types, extensions, and guessers should be registered separately. There are two ways of how to complete this:

  • Use the application configuration file.

  • Tag the form elements by appropriate tags in the dependency injection container.

To register a new form elements using application configuration file, add Resources/config/oro/app.yml in any bundle or use config/config.yml of your application.

    - Symfony\Component\Form\Extension\Core\Type\DateType # the class name of a form type
    - # the service id of a form type
    - form.type_extension.form.http_foundation # service id of a form type extension
    - acme.form.type_guesser # service id of a form type guesser
    datetime: # data type
        form_type: Symfony\Component\Form\Extension\Core\Type\DateTimeType # the guessed form type
        options: # guessed form type options
            model_timezone: UTC
            view_timezone: UTC
            with_seconds: true
            widget: single_text
            format: "yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ssZZZZZ" # HTML5


The form_types section can contain either the class name or the service id of a form type. Usually, the service id is used if a form type depends on other services in the dependency injection container.

You can find the already registered API form elements in Resources/config/oro/app.yml.

If you need to add new form elements can by tagging them in the dependency injection container, use the tags from the following table:




Create a new form type


Create a new form extension


Add a custom logic for “form type guessing”


    class: Acme\Bundle\AcmeBundle\Form\Type\DateTimeType
        # Enable usage of the form type on the UI.
        - { name: form.type, alias: acme_datetime }
        # Enable usage of the form type in the data API.
        - { name: oro.api.form.type, alias: acme_datetime }

    class: Acme\Bundle\AcmeBundle\Form\Extension\DateTimeExtension
        # Add the form extension to the UI forms.
        - { name: form.type_extension, extended_type: Acme\Bundle\AcmeBundle\Form\Type\DateTimeType }
        # Add the form extension to the data API forms.
        - { name: oro.api.form.type_extension, extended_type: Acme\Bundle\AcmeBundle\Form\Type\DateTimeType }

    class: Acme\Bundle\AcmeBundle\Form\Guesser\TestGuesser
        # Add the form type guesser to the UI forms.
        - { name: form.type_guesser }
        # Add the form type guesser to the data API forms.
        - { name: oro.api.form.type_guesser }

To switch between the general and data API forms, use the Processor\Shared\InitializeApiFormExtension and Processor\Shared\RestoreDefaultFormExtension processors.

The Processor\Shared\BuildFormBuilder processor builds the form for a particular entity on the fly based on the data API configuration and the entity metadata.