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Page Component 

Page Component is an invisible component that takes responsibility of the controller for certain functionality. It accepts options object, performs initialization actions, and, at appropriate time, destroys initialized elements (views, models, collections, or even sub-components).


To define PageComponent for a block define several data-attributes for the HTML node:

  • data-page-component-module with the name of the module

  • data-page-component-options with safe JSON-string

  • data-page-component-name optional, allows to get access to the component by name

{% set options  = {
    metadata: metaData,
    data: data
} %}
<div data-page-component-module="mybundle/js/app/components/grid-component"
     data-page-component-options="{{ options|json_encode }}"></div>


See also Component Shortcuts

How It Works 

PageController loads a page, triggering ‘page:update’ event. Global views (PageRegionView) have updated their contents. And once it is done — each PageRegionView executes initLayout method for it’s layout element (in common case it’s the view element). Inside this method, the view excutes ‘layout:init’ handler, that initializes system UI-controls (such as ScrollSpy, ToolTips, PopOvers and other), after that invokes initPageComponents method, that initializes components defined in HTML. This method:

  • collects all elements with proper data-attributes.

  • loads defined modules of PageComponents.

  • initializes PageComponents, executing init method with passed-in options.

  • returns promise object, allowing handle initialization process.

PageController handles promises from all global views and once they all resolved — triggers next event ‘page:afterChange’.


There are two kinds of PageComponents:

  • an extension of BaseComponent.

  • just a function for trivial cases.

Extending BaseComponent 

BaseComponent is a module oroui/js/app/components/base/component very similar to Backbone.View. The difference is that it is not visible and has no functionality to interact with DOM.

It has two static methods:

  • extend, the same as other Backbone components have.

  • init, that accepts options and creates an instance of the current component. If the component instance has no defer property (meaning tha component has been created synchronously) init method returns this component. If it has defer property, init method returns a promise object. Once the component get initialized, it should resolve defer with its instance.

An instance of BaseComponent has several methods:

  • initialize, that accepts options and performs initialization;

  • dispose, that besides removing all kind of event subscriptions like all Chaplin components do goes though subComponents property (that is an array), disposes all its sub-components, and then tries to call dispose method for all other properties;

  • delegateListeners, implements support of listeners declaration over listen property (see Chaplin.View documentation)

  • delegateListener, adds listener for a corresponded target: ‘model’, ‘collection’, ‘mediator’ or itself (if no target passed);

  • _deferredInit, create flag of deferred initialization

  • _resolveDeferredInit, resolves deferred initialization and executes promise’s handlers

MyComponent = BaseComponent.extend({
    initialize: function (options) {
        options = options || {};
        if (!_.isEmpty(options.modules)) {
            // deferred init start, means myView will be initialized in async way
            // there are some modules we need to load before init view
            loadModules(options.modules, function (modules) {
                _.extend(options.viewOptions, modules);
                // resolves deferred initialization once view gets ready
            }, this);
        } else {
            // initialize view immediately
    processOptions: function (options) {
        /* manipulate options, merge them with defaults, etc. */
    initView: function (options) {
        this.view = new MyView(options);

Function as a Component 

For some trivial cases writing the entire component as extension from BaseComponent is redundant. This is definitely the case if you don’t need to:

  • dispose this component (the result is self-disposable), or

  • extend the component for other cases.

In this case it’s better to define a function that accepts options and performs the initialization:

define(['jquery', 'js/my-widget'], function ($) {
    return function (options) {

Initialize Components on DOM Events 

You can postpone initialization for some components until a specific DOM event occurs to improve page performance.

You can do this for components that do not change the UI ( i.e., have no visual impact on a page), for example, when an initially hidden popup/dropdown has initialized.

For that purpose, the component’s DOM-element or its container has to have an additional attribute data-page-component-init-on defined. A value is an event name or a comma-separated list of events.

The following three events are currently supported: "click", "focusin" and "mouseover".

<button data-page-component-init-on="click,focusin"
     data-page-component-module="mybundle/js/app/components/foo-component">Show more...</button>

Below is another example illustrating several components within the init-on container:

<form data-page-component-init-on="click,focusin">
        Country <input name="country"
    <div data-page-component-view="mybundle/js/app/views/company-addresses-view"></div>

When the init-on container includes a view-component that renders HTML and has to be initialized immediately, define a specific value in the data-page-component-init-on="asap" attribute for the element responsible for that view-component. This way, the view-component will be initialized as soon as possible even though it is within the init-on container.

<form data-page-component-init-on="click,focusin">
        Country <input name="country"
    <div data-page-component-init-on="asap"

In this example, company-addresses-view is initialized and rendered without a user’s interaction with the interface.


Be aware that although possible, the approach with data-page-component-init-on="asap" is not recommended. It requires the addition of an attribute to the parent element and then adds attributes to all sibling components that should ignore the postponed initialization.

The data-page-component-init-on attribute also allows to define the CSS selector to delegate event listeners to a specific element within same layout and postpone component initialization until a DOM event occurs.

<form id="foo-form">
        Country <input name="country"
                       data-page-component-init-on="click,focusin #foo-form"
    <div data-page-component-view="mybundle/js/app/views/company-addresses-view"></div>

In the example above, the init-on action is delegated to the #foo-form element. Component mybundle/js/app/components/country-suggest-component is initialized on a click or focusin event, while the mybundle/js/app/views/company-addresses-view component is initialized from the start. This approach is preferable over using the data-page-component-init-on="asap" attribute to ignore the postponed initialization.