Create a Configurable Product
This section is a part of the Product Management topic that provides the general understanding of the product concept in OroCommerce.
See a short demo on how to create a configurable product, or keep reading the step-by-step guidance below.
Prior to creating a configurable product, ensure that you have performed the following steps:
A configurable attribute is one of the product attributes that are used to distinguish product variants of the same configurable product. There should be at least one configurable attribute specified for the configurable product in order to enable a customer to select product variants.
Created a product family.
As a configurable product and all of its variants share the same set of attributes, they should share the product family as well.
Created product variants (simple products).
A configurable product may group several simple products or configurable product variants whose information mostly overlaps except for several product attributes. It means that you have to create a simple product for each variant that you need to add to the configurable product.
Make sure the configurable product you are creating has the same product unit as its product variants.
Product variants for configurable products in the storefront are displayed only when either customer users are logged in or guest shopping lists are enabled in the system configuration.
To add a new configurable product and make it available in the master catalog (for internal product management) and for purchase in the storefront:
Navigate to Products > Products using the main menu.
Click Create Product.
From the Type list, select Configurable to enable product variants.
Select the product family to define the product options and details that will be filled in the following steps.
Ensure that the product attributes that store product variant options are created and included in the product’s product family.
Place the product under the necessary category in the master catalog by clicking on the category. Use the search to filter the list of categories.
Click Continue. The product details page appears.
In the General section, provide the following information:
Field Description Owner Limits the list of users who can manage the product. SKU Enter the product SKU number. The field is mandatory. Name Enter the name of the product. The field is mandatory. Configurable Attributes
Define the configurable attributes that distinguish product variants by selecting the check boxes next to them.
A configurable product should contain at least one configurable attribute of select or boolean type.
Status Select the product status (e.g., Enabled/Disabled). When disabled, the product is not included in the catalog and is considered to be a draft. The field is mandatory. URL Slug Enter a URL slug that is used to build a human-readable URL for the product page in the storefront. If left blank, the slug will be autogenerated. Is Featured Select whether the product is featured. The field is mandatory. New Arrival Select whether the product is a new arrival. When set to Yes, the product is highlighted in the storefront. The field is mandatory. Brand Choose the product brand, if available. Click to select the brand from the full list.
Also, specify the value of your configurable attributes and define any other custom attributes if required.
In the Short Description section, provide a short but meaningful default description that best positions the product for your target audience and will appear in the catalog listing. Move from tab to tab to localize the description by setting the required fallback option. From the dropdown, you can select whether to fall back to the default value, parent localization, or a custom value. When selecting the custom value, provide the localized version of the short description in the WYSIWYG field.
In the Description section, provide a long default description of the product that will appear on the product view page. Move from tab to tab to localize the description by setting the required fallback option. From the dropdown, you can select whether to fall back to the default value, parent localization, or a custom value. When selecting the custom value, provide the localized version of the long description in the WYSIWYG field.
In the Image section, add a new image to the product by clicking +Add Image and then Choose Image. You can either upload a new image or select the required one from the list of available digital assets records.
Then, select whether to show the image as main (the image is used in the product details view), listing (the image is shown in the catalog listing), or additional (additional product pictures). All three categories can be selected at the same time. To remove an image, click next to it.
- In the SEO section, specify the required attributes:
Field Description Meta Keywords Enter meta keywords for the product. A meta keyword is a specific type of a meta tag that appears in the HTML code of a web page and helps search engines to understand what the topic of the page is. Meta Title Enter a meta title for the product. A meta title is what is seen by search engine users and helps a search engine to index the page. Meta Description Enter a meta description for the product. A meta description summarizes the page content. Search engines show a meta description in search results when the searched phrase is found in the description.
And any other custom attributes if defined.
- In the Design section, select the page template from the list.
- In the Product Variants section, select the configurable product variants by ticking the Is Variant check box next to the product.
Make sure the configurable product has the same product unit as its product variants.
- Review translation rules for a product name, URL slug, description, and short description.
To enter a translation manually, click , clear the Use <parent translation> check box next to the required language, and provide your version of the translation.
- Click Save to save your configurable product.
Once the core product information is saved, you may add related products and up-sell products to display them in the Related Items section in the product details in the back-office, and in the Related Products and Up-sell Products blocks next to the product details in the storefront. See the Add Related Items for more details.
Create a Sample Configurable Product
The sample flow below shows all the steps required for the creation of a configurable product.
Product: Red and green hats, sizes S and M.
Step 1. Create Attributes.
Navigate to Products > Product Attributes in the main menu.
Click Create Attribute on the top right.
We will create two attributes, one after another: ‘hatcolor’ and ‘hatsize’.
Select the type of an attribute.
Currently, Select and Boolean types are available for configurable attributes. We will use Select for both attributes.
Fill in the required information and add the necessary options for the attributes by clicking +Add.
For ‘hatcolor’, attribute options will be ‘Red’ and ‘Green’.
For ‘hatsize’, attribute options will be ‘S’ and ‘M’.
Click Save to save the attributes.
Step 2. Create a Product Family.
Navigate to Products > Product Families in the main menu.
Click Create Product Family in the top right corner.
Fill in the required information and add attributes ‘HatColor’ and ‘HatSize’ to the attribute group by clicking +Add.
Each attribute must have a separate group in our case.
Click Save to save the product family.
Step 3. Create Configurable Product Variants.
We now need to create one configurable product variant (simple product) per each variant that we would like to have available in the configurable product. Since we have two attributes, ‘HatSize’ and ‘HatColor’, and each attribute has two options (‘S’/’M’ for the first and ‘Red’/’Green’ for the second), we need to create four simple products.
Navigate to Products > Products in the main menu.
Click Create Product in the top right corner.
Set the product type to Simple, select the ‘HATS’ product family.
Fill in the required information and add the attributes required for this particular product.
Perform step 3 for all four simple products.
Make sure that all your simple products are enabled.
Step 4. Create a Configurable Product.
Navigate to Products > Products in the main menu.
Click Create Product.
Set the product type to Configurable.
Select the category.
Choosing category is mandatory at this stage, as it determines whether the product is available on the website.
Choose the ‘Hats’ product family.
Add ‘HatSize’ and ‘HatColor’ attributes to the product.
Fill in the required information and add the created product variants for this configurable product.
You might want to save the product at this point to make sure that product variants are available in the Product Variants section of the product you are creating.
The product should now be available on the website in the category we have previously assigned it to.